Stroke - Act F.A.S.T.

What is a stroke?

A stroke is a ‘brain attack’ caused by a disturbance of the blood supply to the brain.

There are two main types of stroke, which require different types of treatment:

Ischaemic stroke

The most common form of stroke. It is caused by a clot narrowing or blocking blood vessels so that blood cannot reach a particular area of the brain. This leads to the death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen.

Haemorrhagic stroke

Caused when a weakened blood vessel in the brain bursts. This produces bleeding into the brain, which leads to damage.

What is a TIA (mini-stroke)?

Transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is also called 'mini-stroke'. It is similar to a stroke and has the same signs, but gets better within 24 hours. However, it could be a warning sign of a more serious stroke and it is vital that it gets the same F.A.S.T. action by calling 999.

Act F.A.S.T. to spot the signs of stroke

FACE: Has their face fallen on one side? Can they smile?
ARMS: Can they raise both their arms and keep them there?
SPEECH: Is there speech slurred?
TIME: Call 999 as quickly as possible if you see any single one of these signs

NHS Scarborough and Ryedale Clinical Commissioning Group is urging local residents to familiarise themselves with the signs of stroke to help ensure sufferers have the best chance of survival. Read more here.

Read NHS England guidance on reducing your risk of a stroke here.

Help to spread the Act F.A.S.T. message by ordering materials to use in your workplace or organisation here.