Equality and Diversity Data - Age

DEFINITION:

The Equality Act 2010 says that you must not be discriminated against because:

  • You are (or are not) a certain age or in a certain age group.
  • Someone thinks you are (or are not) a specific age or age group. This is known as discrimination by perception.
  • You are connected to someone of a specific age or age group. This is known as discrimination by association.

Age groups can be quite wide (for example, ‘people under 50’ or 'under 18s'). They can also be quite specific (for example ‘people in their mid-40s’). Terms such as ‘young person’ and ‘youthful’ or ‘elderly’ and ‘pensioner’ can also indicate an age group.

See the Equality and Human Rights Commission website for further information regarding age discrimination.

Data

Data below has been taken from North Yorkshire Joint Strategic Needs Assessment Annual Update 2016 for Scarborough and Ryedale CCG

National Picture

Younger people

  • An estimated 39% of young people aged 16 - 24 in England were classified as obese in 2015 and are least likely nationally to be overweight or obese compared to other age groups. (https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/wellbeing/articles/youngpeopleswellbeingandpersonalfinance/2017)
  • Rates for hospital admissions for self-harm for 10-24 year olds have risen from 330 per 100,000 in 2007/8, to 367 in 2013/14
    (Key Data on Adolescents 2015, from Hospital Episode Statistics)
  • 75% of mental health problems start before age 24.
    (Kessler R, Berglund P, Demler O, Jin R, Merikangas K, Walters E (2005) Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 62, 593-602)
  • Referrals to specialist child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) increased by 64% between 2012 - 2015
    (NHS CAMHS benchmarking Nov 2015)
  • Children in care, children with learning disabilities, young refugees or asylum seekers and children from some BME communities experience inequalities in outcomes.

Older People

The data below has been taken from Age UK's Briefing:Health and Care of Older People in England 2017 and the Age UK website

  • The UK has an ageing population. Between 2005/06 and 2014/16 the number of people aged 65 or over increased by nearly 21% and those aged 85 and over have increased by 31.3%
  • Between 2016 and 2036 the 65+ population is estimated to grow by 48.9% and those aged over 85 are expected to rise by 113.9%
  • More people are living into older age with multiple long term condition, frailty, dementia and social care needs.
  • There are huge socio-economic differences in disability free life expectancy at age 65 – a fivefold  difference between people in the poorest and most affluent areas – e.g. a woman aged 65 has an expected 3.3 years of healthy living in the worst area compared to 16.7 years in the best.
  • Older people experience difficulties accessing health and care services due to (for example) poor transport networks, limited mobility or lack of local services.
  • Common health problems in over 60s are:
    • Dementia - most people affected by dementia are over 65
    • Eye health - vision problems can lead to higher risk of falls, driving accidents and incorrect use of medication
    • Hearing loss - Around 40% of people over 50 in the UK have some form of hearing loss 
    • Osteoporosis - About 1 in 2 women and 1 in 5 men over 50 will break a bone (fracture) because of osteoporosis so it is important to keep your bones healthy
    • Depression and anxiety
  • Isolation particularly affects older people
  • Reliance on public transport is significantly higher in this group.  This has an impact on accessibility of services for this group.

Other Age Groups

Local Picture

Data below has been taken from North Yorkshire Joint Strategic Needs Assessment Annual Update 2016 for Scarborough and Ryedale CCG

  • The population of Scarborough and Ryedale is ageing
  • Life expectancy at birth for males is 77.9 years,  life expectancy at birth for females is 82.8 years both are below average
  • Life expectancy gap between the most affluent and most deprived areas of Scarborough are 9.1 years for males and 5.6 years for female.  In Ryedale it is 4.5 years for males and 4.3 years for females.
  • Children living in poverty are a significant issue for the CCG with rates in Scarborough bring significantly higher then the national average - The CCG has over 3800 children living in poverty.
  • The proportion of children with excess weight in the Scarborough area at Reception and Year 6 is among the highest in North Yorkshire.
  • Scarborough and Ryedale CCG has a significantly higher rate for premature CVD mortality compared to England.
  • Smoking attributable hospital admissions in adults aged 35 and over also remain above the national average.
  • Unplanned hospital admissions for asthma, diabetes and epilepsy in the under 19s are a significant issue
  • Scarborough has highest rate of teenage pregnancy in North Yorkshire and cases being supported are often higher levels of need and safeguarding.
  • The Director of Public Health Annual Report 2017 focuses on Healthy transitions; Growing old in North Yorkshire and provides useful information and data.

Resources

Websites

Age UK

Projecting Older People Population Information (POPPI)

End Child Poverty

Association for Young People's Health

Youth Health Movement

Rise Above - For young people aged 11-16, focuses on key topics such as peer pressure, body confidence, relationships, drugs, smoking and alcohol.

Publications

Briefing Health and Care of Older People in England 2017 - Age UK

Inequalities in Later Life 2017 - Centre for Ageing Better

Young People's Health where are we up to? - Association for Young People's Health

North Yorkshire Joint Strategi Needs Assessment Annual Update 2016 for Scarborough and Ryedale CCG

Inequalities in life expectancy: changes over time and implications for policy - Kings Fund

Commissioning home care for older people (2014) - Social Care Institute for Excellence

Director of Public Health Annual Report  (2017) - North Yorkshire County Council